Coat of Arms
is a collection of various coat of arms and crests from various people,
families, cities and countries. What we think of as a coat of arms is
actually made up of many parts called the "achievement." The coat of arms itself is
the "shield" or "escutcheon." It represents an ancient
piece of defensive armor on the face of which, known as the field, are
emblazoned the charges or bearings in definite fixed colors. Together they constitute a
coat of arms. This is the most essential of all the armorial insignia.
When the shield and crest are grouped and displayed, including the helmet, the wreath, the mantling, and in the case of a peer, the supporters, if any, all this is known as an "achievement" and not a crest.
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