1575 - 1647
Birth Abt 1575 Southwark, Surrey, England  Gender Male AFN 3DN3-0G Died 24 May 1647 Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Person ID I3496 Winslow Genealogy, Ancestry & Heritage Last Modified 27 Jul 2003 19:40:00 Family ID F3064 Group Sheet Family Margaret Winslow, b. Abt 1589, Droitwich, Worchestershire, England Married 1610 London, Middlesex, England Children 1. Thomas Hicks, c. 19 Feb 1604, St Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey, Surrey, England 2. John Hicks, c. 12 Oct 1605, St Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey, Surrey, England 3. Sara Hicks, c. 25 Oct 1607, St Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey, Surrey, England 4. Richard Hicks, c. 17 Sep 1609, St Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey, Surrey, England > 5. Samuel Hicks, c. 18 Aug 1611, St Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey, Surrey, England > 6. Lydia Hicks, c. 6 Sep 1612, Bermondsey, London, Middlesex, England > 7. Phebe Hicks, c. 15 Mar 1615, Bermondsey, London, Middlesex, England 8. Mary Hicks, c. 11 May 1617, St Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey, Surrey, England 9. Ephraim Hicks, b. Abt 1624, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts Last Modified 04 Jan 2005 00:02:00 Family ID F17285 Group Sheet
- !Initial source: Family group sheet of Robert Hicks and Elizabeth Morgan
in the FGRA collection of the Family History Library, Salt Lake City,
Utah, submitted by Eva D. Nebeker, of Pocatello, Idaho. Her sources:
Hicks (Hix) Rec. B13 C19 pp 360, 361. It was adjusted for Thyrle N.
Stapley by Charles Stapley Fam. c/o Gladys J. Bushby , Rt#1, Box 386,
Mesa, AZ. Note at the bottom of the sheet says children no. 3, 4, 5 added
by Grace R. Johnson, San Luis Obispo, Cal.
A family group sheet of Robert Hicks and Margaret Winslow from the
same collection submitted by Elsie Geneva Pace, Delta, Utah, compiled
from "The Hicks Family" by Grace C. Toler pg 67-70; will of Margaret
Winslow 1665 (A2D2 - Snow Estes Anc.) V. 1 pg 168-176), and "Col. Fam.
of Amer." (Am 190) V. 18 pg 46-50, V. 8 pg 329, 330, Bital pg 1372.
The first sheet showed Robert Hicks born 1583, Southwark, London, Eng.,
son of James Hicks and Phebe Allyne, died 24 Mar 1647, married (1)
1600, London, Mddlsx, Engl, to Elizabeth Morgan, (LDS proxy sealing 14
May 1953 IFALL), b. abt 1585 of Eng.; died 1607, Southwark, London, Eng.,
daughter of John Morgan.
The second sheet has the same data, married (2) 1610, Margaret
Winslow, born abt 1589, of Southwark, daughter of Edward Winslow and
Magdalene Ollyver, wd (will dated) 1665 Plymouth.
"Snow-Estes Ancestry", by Nora E. Snow, 1939, gives both wills in full.
His, dated 28 May 1745. It names wife, Margaret.
"Windecker-Gross and Allied Families" from "Americana" (973 B2a,
1942) also gives him two wives, quotes his and Margaret's wills, filed
at Plymouth, Mass. It says the family moved to Duxbury, Massachusetts,
as in 1642 two of his sons, John and Stephen, left his home and went to
Long Island. (No source was given for this information and neither John
nor Stephen are named in either will. Also, the will, dated 1645, says
Robert was of Plymouth. (See further.)
An article in "THE AMERICAN GENEALOGIST", vol. 51 pg 57, by Robert S.
Wakefield, says: "Although some writers credit Robert Hicks with two
wives, no burial of a first wife was found in Bermondsey, and I do not
know of any evidence that would prove he had any wife other than
"The Great Migration Begins", also by Robert S. Wakefield and published
in 1995, names only one wife, Margaret _____. It says "Death:
Plymouth 24 May 1647 (from inventory). (Savage and Pope both give this
date as 24 March, apparently based on the abstract of the inventory
published in 1850 [NEHGR 4:282]. On the original the month of death is in
the upper right corner of the page, and is worn, so that only 'Ma' can now
be read on microfilm. Bowman saw this as May, and his reading is
LDS proxy temple ordinances are from the FGRA sheet and that of his
Children on the FGRA sheet of Robert and Elizabeth: Thomas, b 1601,
Southwark, md 1625, Margaret Atwood; Robert, abt 1603, Southwark;
Elizabeth, abt 1605, of Southwark, md John Dickinson; John, abt 1605, of
Southwark, w.p. 14 Jun 1672, md (1) 14 Mar 1637 (div) Herodias or Horod
Long, (no 2nd marriage on the sheet); Stephen, abt 1607, of Southwark.
(see further, article from "American Genealogist")
Children on the FGRA sheet of Robert and Margaret: Samuel, abt 1611,
Southwark, married 11 Sep 1645, Lydia Doane; Ephraim, abt 1613,
Southwark, married 13 Sep 1649, Elizabeth Tilley Howland, died 2 Dec
1649; Lydia, abt 1615, Chichester, Sussex, Eng., married 1633, Edward
Bangs, died 1677; Phebe, abt 1616, Chichester, married 1635, George
Watson, died 22 May 1663. (see further, article in "American
"Cape Cod Series" V. 2 pg 70 says children of his first wife were
Elizabeth (married John Dickinson), Thomas, John (b 1607, died Long
Island, N.Y., May 1672, married Herodia Long) and Stephen. (see further,
article in "American Genealogist")
"Snow-Estes Ancestry" gives only Thomas as child of the first wife and
children of the second wife as Samuel, Ephraim, Lydia and Phebe. (see
further, article in "American Genealogist") It also gives wills of Robert
and Margaret in full. His will names eldest son Samuel, son Ephraim,
grandson John Bangs, and others with no relationship given. Margaret's
will, dated 8 July 1665, names son Samuel, daughter in law Lydia, son
Ephraim, deceased, son-in-law George Watson, husband of her daughter
Phebe, deceased. and grandchild John Bangs.
The Windecker-Gross..." article says children of the first marriage were
Thomas, baptized in Bermondsey, buried Apr 1604; John, baptized 12 Oct
1605, one of the patentees to whom Governor Kieft in 1645, granted the
township of Flushing, Long Island. Children of the second marriage,
Sarah bapt. 25 Oct 1607, Samuel, not shown in Bermondsey records,
Stephen, Ephraim, Phebe and Lydia. (see next source)
The "American Genealogist" article says: "Charles Edwards Banks, in
his 'English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers' (1929), p. 119,
lists the baptisms of three of the children of Robert Hicks, who came to
Plymouth Colony in the Fortune in 1621, that he found in the parish of
Bermondsey, and then he states, 'As there are no further entries in the
register he probably removed to Southwark after the last-named date'
"This erroneous statement has probably been responsible for the long
delay in finding the baptisms of more of the children of Robert Hicks, for
there are baptismal records of five more children ... in the parish of St.
Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey, Surrey, the same parish where the three
entries quoted by Dr. Banks appear!
"The early records of this parish are printed and indexed, and, no doubt,
this is the source of Dr. Banks' information, but he should have noted
they end in 1609."
He lists the children as they are shown here, with the burials of Thomas,
Sara and Mary. He says Ephraim died three months after his marriage and
it was his widow, Elizabeth, who married John Dickenson and not the
"fictional eldest daughter often credited to Robert Hicks." Also, he says
that Ephraim was "apparently born 1624-7 in Plymouth, as Robert and
Margaret Hicks apparently had three children with them in 1623-4 when
the division of land was made, yet had four children when the division of
cattle was made in 1627 (Samuel, Ephraim, Lidia and Phoebe)." And "As
far as the other purported children of Robert Hicks are concerned, it
should be noted that they are not named in the wills of Robert or
Margaret and were not with them during the 1623-1627 period. It
appears that John and Richard died before 1623. It should also be noted
that Robert Hicks calls Samuel his eldest son."
"The Great Migration..." gives a "Bibliographic Note" at the end of the
account of Robert Hicks which says "In 1938 Louis Effingham deForest
compiled a comprehensive summary of all that was known about Robert
Hicks at that date [Moore Anc 295-308]. (This summary in cludes
children Elizabeth and Daniel, for whom there is no evidence.)
"The Great Migration..." says he came in 1621 on the "Fortune" and his
first residence was Plymouth. It gives a deposition made by Clement
Briggs of Weymouth 29 Aug 1638 saying that "about two and twenty
years since this deponent then dwelling with one Mr. Samuell Lathame in
Barmundsey Streete in Southwarke a fellmonger and one Thomas Harlow
then also dwelling with Mr. Rob[er]te Heeks in the same street a
fellmonger the said Harlow and this deponent had often conference
together how many pelts each of their master pulled a week. And this
deponent deposeth and saith that the said Rob[er]te Heeks did pull three
hundred pelts a week and diverse times six or seven hundred & more in a
week in the killing seasons, which was the most part of the year (except
the time of Lent) for the space of three or four years. And that the said
Rob[er]te Heek sold his sheep's pelts at that time for 40s. a hundred to
Mr. Arnold Allard, whereas this deponents's Mr. Samuell Lathame sold his
pelts for 50s. per hundred to the same man at the same time and Mr.
Heeks pelts were much better ware [PCR 12:35].
"On 13 July 1639 Robert Hicks of Plymouth, 'citizen & leatherseller of
London,' by a bill dated 6 July 1618 was indebted to Thomas Heath,
citizen & cooper of London for L180, which amount was demanded by
letter of attorney made by Hannah Cugley but Hicks showed an
acquittance of all debts to Heath, having paid it long ago [PCR 12:43]."
The article says he was in the 1633 list of Plymouth freemen, among
those admitted before 1 Jan 1632/3 [PCR 1:3]. In the list of 7 March
1636/7 [PCR 1:52]. In the Plymouth section of the 1639 Plymouth Colony
list of freemen, with the annotation 'dead' [PCR 8:173]. (should the date
Also, "In the 1623 Plymouth division of land, 'Robart Hickes' was
granted one acre as a passenger on the Fortune, and his wife and children
were granted four acres as passengers on the Anne [PCR 12:5, 6]. In the
1627 Plymouth division of cattle Robert Hicks, Margaret Hicks, Samuel
Hicks, Ephraim Hicks, Lydia Hicks and Phebe Hicks were the sixth through
eleventh persons in the twelfth company [PCR 12:13].
"Assessed 18s. in the Plymouth tax list of 25 March 1633 and 12s. in the
list of 27 March 1634 [PCR 1:9, 27]. 'Robert Hickes' was thirty-seventh
on the list of Purchasers [PCR 2:177].
"On 10 Feb 1629 Robert Hicks purchased two acres on the north side of
town from Steven Dean [PCR 12:7]. On 29 Aug 1638 Clement Briggs
acknowledged his sale of 'one acre of land in the upper fall near the
second brook' to 'Mr. Rob[er]te Heeks' [PCR 12:34]. On 9 Dec 1639 'Mr
Rob[er]te Hicks' rented five acres at Reed Pond to John Smyth for three
years, Smyth to fence the east side of the land [PCR 12:51]. On 13 July
1639 George Sowle acknowledged his sale of two acres of land to Robert
Hicks of Plymouth [PCR 12:45]. On 20 July 1639 John Barnes of
Plymouth, yeoman, acknowledged his sale of four acres of meadow at
High Pynes to Mr. Robert Hicks [PCR 12:45. On 11 Feb 1639[/40] Mr.
Robert Hicks of Plymouth, planter, sold to Samuell Hicks his eldest son
all his house, outhouses and garden in Plymouth, together with four
acres of land and eight acres of land and all the meadow at the Heigh
Pynes and Iland Creek, and all his right title and interest in the land, and
three cows [PCR 12:54]. On 7 Apr 1642 Mr. Robert Hicks sold two acres
of marsh at Heigh Pines to Mr. William Bradford [PCR 12:79]. On 7 May
1642 Mr. Robert Hicks sold seven acres of upland at Hand Creek to
William Brett of Duxbury [PCR 12:80]. On 9 Oct 1645 Mr. Robert Hicks
sold to Georg Partrich a parcel of marsh meadow consisting of two acres
"In his will, dated 28 May 1645 and proved 15 May 1648, 'Robert Hicks of
Plymouth ... being full of infirmities of body' bequeathed to 'my son
Ephraim all that my dwelling house barn and buildings with the gardens
... in Plymouth,' also 'all those three fields one lying on the north side of
the said town of Plymouth ..., the second which I lately purchased of Mr.
John Aldin and the third called the south field'; 'but my mind and will is
that my executrix hereafter named shall have and enjoy three rooms in
the said house during her life she keeping herself unmarried, viz. the hall
and chamber over the cellar underneath, and also that my said son
Ephraim shall pay her the thirds of the said lands during her life and
widowhood'; to 'my said son Ephraim all my lands lying at Iland Creek on
Duxbery side except two lots of upland of twenty acres apiece lying next
unto Mr. Kemp's lands, which I hereby give and bequeath unto John Banges
my grandchild'; to 'my executric ... the rents of the said land not set and
let forth for six years yet to come if she shall so long live, but all the
rest of my lands ... I give unto my said son Ephraim'; 'I give unto John
Reyner the son of Mr. John Reyner our teacher fifty acres of the
purchased lands accruing .... to me as a purchaser of my share of lands
lying at Seawams or Secunck if the said Mr. John Reyner his father do
remain at Plymouth'; to 'Samuell my eldest son' fifty acres; to 'my said
son Ephraim' fifty acres; to John Watson' fifty acres; to 'John Bangs'
fifty acres; to 'the younger of Mr. Charls Chancy's sons which his wife
had at one birth when he dwelt at Plymouth' fifty acres; to 'my said son
Ephraim' household goods; to the Town of Plymouth one cow calf; to
'William Pontus' 20s.' 'Margaret my loving wife' sole executrix and
residue; Mr. John Howland, Mannasses Kempton and Thomas Cushman
overseers; to John Howland and Mannasses Kemton 10s. each for a
remembrance; to Joshua Prat 'a suit of my wearing clothes with a pair of
shoes and stockings'; to Samuell Eddy a pair of wearing stockings; to 'my
said son ephraim ... my four oxen, paying my loving wife ... the thirds of
the profits of the lands as is before mentioned ... and to draw her twenty
loads of wood yearly to her house in Plymouth during her life' [MD
8:144-46, citing PCPR 1:1:703].
"The inventory of the estate of 'Mr. Robert Hicks deceased the 24th of
May 1647 taken the fifth of July in the year aforesaid also exhibited
upon oath the 4th of May 1648' totalled L39 13s., with no real estate
included [MD ("The Mayflower Descendant") 8:143-44, citing PCPR
("Plymouth Colony Probate Records")1:1:69].
"On 23 Jan 1648 John Rogers of Duxbury bought the rent of lands
improved by Mr. Robert Hicks now deceased from Ephraim Hicks of
Plymouth [PCR 12:155-56].
On 1 May 1660 'Gorge Watson,' on behalf of his son John Watson and
nephew John Banges, requested that, because 'Samuel Hickes' was
mistakenly entered in the court records as purchaser of lands at
Cushenah and Accoaksett, etc., and it should have been 'Mr. Robert'
Hickes, it be corrected; the matter was referred to a later court [PCR
3:186]. On 3 Oct 1662 'Samuell Hickes' was offered an equal division
with others in the lands of Mr. Robert Hickes at Accushen, Coaksett, etc.,
but he declined [PCR 4:27]. Margaret and Samuel could not agree on the
division of goods in Robert's estate and the matter was taken to court 7
June 1661 [PCR 3:217].
"On 7 Oct 1662 'Margarett Hickes of Plymouth, widow, as sole executrix
to my husband Mr. Robert Hickes,' confirmed his bequest of fifty acres to
'Elnathan Chauncye the younger of the twins of Mr. Charles Chauncye' [MD
17:240-41, citing PCLR 2:2:107].
On 22 March 1663[/4] 'Mistris Hickes' and 'Sam[uel] Hickes' were granted
Lot 7 in the Plymouth lands at 'Puncateesett Necke' [PTR 1:64]."
"Snow-Estes Ancestry" says Robert was a leather dresser or felmonger
at Southwark, Surrey, near London ..." It says he "came on the Fortune,
Nov., 1621, and in the 1621 division of land in Plymouth, he received one
acre; his wife and children came in the Anne, 1623, in which year he and
his wife were granted four acres. In the Division of Cattle, 1627, the
'twelveth lot fell to John Jene & his companie joyned to him' ...", the list
included Robert, Margaret, Samuel, Ephraim, Lidya and Phebe Hicks. It
said "To this lott fell the greate white backt cow wch was brought over
with the first in the Ann, to wch cow the keepeing of the bull was joyned
for thes psonts to pvide for. heere also two shee goats."
It says further "He was the twenty-third signer of the agreement
between Plymouth Colony and William Bradford, Capt. Miles Standish, and
Isaac Allerton and others, dated at London, Nov. 17, 1628. (In) 1633,
member of the General Court. On 7/17 Jan'y, 1632/3, Robert Hicks and
Francis Cooke were appointed arbitrators to settle a difference about
accounts between Dr. Samuel Fuller and Peter Brown. Oct. 2, 1634. he
took the inventory of Stephen Dean's estate, and Feb. 27, 1643, that of
John Atwood's estate."
"Windecker-Gross and Allied Families" gives some of the same
information but calls him a "fellmonger or hide and wool merchant of
- !Initial source: Family group sheet of Robert Hicks and Elizabeth Morgan
- [S67] The Wayland George Adams Family, Helen Ester Adams, et al, (1972
Source 8.), Page 59 (Reliability: 3).
- [S27] New England Historical And Genealogical Register, Volume 8, Page ? (Reliability: 3).
- [S43] Bassett - Preston Ancestry, Belle Preston, 929.273 B294p., Page 19 (Reliability: 3).
- [S64] Ancestry of Addie Clark Harding, (1970), 929.273 H219mc., Page 36 (Reliability: 3).
- [S42] The American Genealogist, Volume 51, Page 57 (Reliability: 3).
- [S42] The American Genealogist, Volume 54, Page 31 (Reliability: 3).
- [S46] New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Volume 38, Page 11 (Reliability: 3).
- [S65] Charles Roscoe Howland, Charles Roscoe Howland, (Tuttle Publishing Co Inc, Rutland VT,), 929.273 H843h., Page 30 (Reliability: 3).
- [S66] National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Volume 5, Page 7 (Reliability: 3).
- [S27] New England Historical And Genealogical Register, Volume 6, Page 168. (Reliability: 3).
- [S41] Mayflower Quarterly, 973 B2md., Volume Aug 1979, Page 150 (Reliability: 3).
- [S46] New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Volume 38, Page 73 (Reliability: 3).
- [S32] Archive Section Family Group Sheet .
- [S67] The Wayland George Adams Family, Helen Ester Adams, et al, (1972 Source 8.), Page 59 (Reliability: 3).